The grasslands are a type of biome. Biomes are areas on Earth with similar climates, animals, and plants.
Grasslands are found all over the world. In the United States we call grasslands a prairie. Grasslands are made up of grasses in very rich soil. This rich soil is excellent for farming. Most of the prairies of the United States are used for farming.
There are not many trees or bushes in the grasslands. This means that the animals in the biome do not have a place to hide from predators. As a result, many of the animals of the grasslands are very fast runners.
Grasslands include many of the largest animals on Earth. Elephants and giraffes are found on the grasslands of Africa. American bison are found on the prairies of North American, and the Saiga antelope lives in Asia. These animals are all herbivores which means they eat plants.
There are also predators in the grasslands. Cougars, foxes, lions, and many other animals are carnivores. A carnivore only eats meat.
The weather on the prairies changes throughout the year. It is very cold in winter and hot in the summer. Most of the rain falls during the late spring and early summer.
The plants and animals of the grasslands have adapted to survive in this biome. Since there are very few trees in the grasslands birds build their nests on the ground or even underground. They protect their eggs by hiding their nests. Larger animals such as zebras, live in herds for protection from predators. When an animal is about to attack, one of the members of the herd can warn the rest of the animals.